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  21/2/2015

The ancient capitals of Iran-SHIRAZ


Shiraz is the birthplace and a galaxy of prominent cultural figures of Iran. The Great Silk Road lay through the territory of the city; this made it famous not only in Persia, but also abroad. This area has always played a significant role in the life of Persia. Three of the most important capitals of ancient Persia successively were located near the city of Shiraz.

In 2-4 centuries the territory of Shiraz was the site of accumulation Zoroastrian temples. From the 7th century, after the fall of the Sassanid capital as a result of the Arab conquest, Shiraz begins to grow and develop. Shiraz was also the capital of Persia for a long time hence there are many sightseeing attractions here Perhaps even more than in Esfahan. Therefore its not strange that Shiraz was the capital of the great Persian dynasties such as Saffarids, Bouida and Zenda. Not so far from city you will see one of the most important sites names Pasargad.

It was the first capital of the vast Achaemenid Empire. The ruins of the city are located within 130 km of Shiraz and 87 km from Persepolis. Nowadays it is the mausoleum of Cyrus the Grea (Kourosh Kyabir) that has six broad steps, which Alexander the Great climbed in 330 BC, at that time had already conquered the Achaemenid Empire.

 

Persepolis is the ancient Persian city founded by Darius the Great. It was the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire . There are several mixed architectural styles that reveal a new style called "Achaemenid architecture."

 In 331 BC Persepolis was conquered by Alexander the Great. The unarmed city, with its beautiful palaces and gardens were burned to symbolize the end of the Achaemenid Empire.

Naqsh-e Rustam - is a cliff about 300 meters in length, in which over a considerable height from the ground (10 to 26 meters) cut four burial crypt cruciform shape. In this place there are four tombs belonging to Achaemenid kings in addition to the rock contains Sassanid and Elamite reliefs that the oldest one is from nearly 3,000 years ago. Inside Shiraz you will see more cultural sites like

Hafiz mausoleum, belonges to the great poet that its tombstone was made in 1773 on the personal order Karim Khan.

Saadi Mausoleum is resting place of a master of poem and Aref (philosophical trends). The first building was built 60 years after his death about 800 years ago.

The construction of Karim Khan Complex began in the 18th century by Karim Khan and served as his living quarters. It was built as part of a complex during the Zand dynasty and is named after Karim Khan. In shape it resembles a medieval fortress. The complex includes a sauna, mosque, bazaar and Arg (citadel).

 

 

 

 

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